What's the difference between a manufactured home and a modular?

Manufactured homes, previously known as mobile homes, are designed, constructed, inspected, and certified under a federal program administered by the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These homes are built on a permanent chassis, are transportable in one or more sections, are designed to be used as single family dwellings when connected to the required utilities, may be sited with or without a permanent foundation, and include the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure. View details and an image of the label (PDF)

Modular homes have an industrial seal rather than a 'HUD seal' and are built off site to the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code.

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1. When is it a requirement to obtain a permit?
2. What permits do I need to build a house?
3. How much does a permit cost?
4. Do I need a permit for a swimming pool?
5. Do I need plans to build a deck?
6. What about inspections after obtaining a permit?
7. Can I apply for my own permit as a homeowner?
8. How do I know if my contractor has a license?
9. How do I know what the codes are?
10. Do I need a permit for a fence?
11. Do I need a permit to demolish a building?
12. When can I speak to an inspector?
13. What if I don't 'build' something, just do interior work?
14. What is the wind load for Gloucester County?
15. How can I get information about my septic system?
16. How can I find out if my property is located in a flood zone?
17. What if my building is only temporary?
18. What about wood stoves?
19. What's the difference between a manufactured home and a modular?